Treatment Options

Types of treatment depends on the cause of the pain and severity of impact to patient’s daily life.

There are several different treatment options available to a sufferer of TMJ disorder, including:

  • Medications – your treating practitioner may also prescribe some stronger pain medication as well as anti-inflammatory medication to help minimise pain and reduce inflammation. Specialized nerve pain medications can help in some cases. Medications to help with sleep quality may also be recommended.
  • TMJ specific splints can help unload and protect the joint to help relieve the pain. Splints also help in modifying daytime muscle activities as well as in protecting the teeth.
  • TMJ focused physiotherapy can assist with exercising and strengthening your jaw muscles and neck muscles. This will improve the jaw movement ranges and jaw functions. Acupuncture can be combined with physiotherapy to further help with the TMD pain.
  • Botulium toxin A (Botox, Dysport) injection into the muscles is very effective in temporarily reducing muscular hyperactivity which causes muscle fatigue pain. It also reduces the amount of night time grinding and clenching to further unload the TMJ from excessive forces.
  • Stress management, behaviour and biofeed back therapy is sometimes required to modify established neural response pathways to the initial triggering factors such as pain. This is often facilitated by a trained psychologist.
  • Arthroscopic procedures including washout of the joint by a TMJ surgeon may sometimes be required for ongoing TMJ inflammation. This is often accompanied with corticosteroid injection into the joint and also help establish further diagnosis into the cause of the TMD issues.
  • For advanced arthritis of the temporomandibular joint, an open joint surgery by specialist TMJ surgeon may be considered.